What is the difference between “slang”, “idioms” and “figure of speech”?


Slang refers to words that are used informally, and often only among subgroups. Slang is often short-lived: it may go out of date among the group that uses it after a few months.

Slang words or expressions are very informal, and are more common in speech than writing. Use of these words/expressions are often restricted to a particular context or group of people, or within a specific region/place.


An idiom is a fixed phrase whose meaning cannot be deduced from the meanings of the component words. “To kick the bucket” is an idiom in English that has nothing to do with kicking or buckets. It means “to die.”

Idioms are phrases or fixed expressions whose true meaning cannot be deduced from their constituent words. Although idioms may often appear to have literal meaning, their true meaning is often very different.

For example, the idiom couch potato means a sluggish person whereas the individual words: ‘couch’ means ‘sofa’ and ‘potato’ is a vegetable. Another one is “I feel like kicking myself” doesn’t mean you are going to kick yourself. It actually means that you are so disappointed with yourself that you feel like kicking yourself.

Figure of speech

Figures of speech are words or phrases used figuratively, in a non-literal sense, for effect. Figure of speech is a blanket term which encompasses many things such as: similes, metaphors, hyperbole, personification.
A figure of speech is also usually a fixed phrase, but you can often figure out how it is being used metaphorically in context.

It expresses things figuratively and not literally. It is possible to understand a figure of speech even if you have never heard it before unlike an idiom. Idioms are words which must be familiar to the speakers for a thorough understanding. Similes, Metaphor and Hyperboles are some examples of figures of speech. For example, saying “I’m starving” doesn’t actually mean you will be dead without food. It simply is a hyperbole to saying “I’m hungry”.

Do You use these idioms about love

In English there are lots of lovely idioms about love.

See and use:

1. Puppy Love

Puppy love is an idiom that refers to the strong feeling of affection between two young people. It is also called young love.


They say it is just puppy love. The high-school sweethearts say it is true love.


2. Head over heels in love and hung up on

The idiomatic expressions head over heels in love and hung up on both mean to be very much in love with another person. They can even mean obsession or infatuation.


He’s head over heels in love with Sue! He’s totally hung up on her.

3. Whisper sweet nothings

The idiom whisper sweet nothings implies saying intimate words to someone. Usually, people say sweet nothings in someone’s ears.


Grandpa whispered sweet nothings in grandma’s ears while they were seated in the porch overlooking the lake.

4. Find Mr. Right

Find Mr. Right is an idiom that connotes finding the right male partner. This idiom specifically says that Mr. Right is a husband material or somebody who can be a future husband.


She wants to find Mr. Right. At her age, she feels that she’s ready for marriage.

5. Pop the Question and Ask for Someone’s Hand in Marriage

Pop the question and ask for someone’s hand in marriage are idioms that refer to marriage proposals. Pop the question is casual while ask for someone’s hand in marriage is a little formal.


The prince asked for her hand in marriage in an elaborately planned proposal in the yacht.

6. On the Rocks

On the rocks is an idiom that connotes having problems in a relationship.


The relationship is on the rocks and the couple seems unable to find ways to resolve their differences.

7. Kiss and Makeup

Kiss and makeup is an idiom that means becoming friends or lovers again after a nasty fight.


We are quick to kiss and makeup. We make sure arguments make us stronger, not weaker.

8. A Match Made in Heaven

The idiom a match made in heaven refers to two people in a relationship who seem to get along with each other extremely well.


They are a match made in heaven. They enjoy doing things together and cannot stand being away from each other for even a single day.

Learn more 10 Love Idioms Explained to English

A little bird told me

What the saying “A little bird told me” means?

Said if you know who gave you the information being discussed but do not want to say who it was.

How did you know he was leaving?” “Oh, let’s just say a little bird told me.”


Curiosity killed the cat

Take the idiom “Curiosity killed the cat” into service.


Said to ​warn someone not to ​ask too many ​questions about something. Being curious can get you into trouble. Often used to warn someone against prying into other’s affairs.


“Jill: Where did you get all that money?
Jane: Curiosity killed the cat.”

Warn someone not to ask too many questions about something

“Why are you going away so suddenly?’
‘Curiosity killed the cat.”

Do you know what idiom Birds of a feather flock together mean?